Equity markets gained back all of last week’s losses then made new all-time highs, again. Investors looked past the Coronavirus threat even as the number of infected continues to grow. The virus now has infected more people, 37k, than the 2003 SARS outbreak. US payroll data showed the economy created 225k jobs in January. ISM manufacturing came in at 50.9%, the first number above 50 in six months.
Global Bond Yields
US Treasuries under one year are inverted with the one year, two year, and five year yields.
Foreign Exchange Market
Brent Crude is down 21% since January 7th. The Baker Hughes rig count was flat this week. There are 790 oil and gas rigs operating in the US – down 259 over last year.
- Brent Crude Oil lost 3.80% this week closing at $54.47/bbl
- WTI Crude Oil lost 2.40% this week to close at $50.32/bbl
- Heating Oil gained 0.92% this week closing at $1.64/gallon
- Natural Gas gained 0.92% this week closing at $1.86 per million BTUs
- Unleaded Gas gained 1.32% this week closing at $1.52/gallon
- Gold lost 0.91% this week closing at $1587.90/oz
- Silver lost 1.78% on the week closing at $17.69/oz
- Palladium lost 0.65% this week closing at $2210.20/oz
- Platinum gained 0.76% this week closing at $969.20/oz
- Copper gained 1.43% this week closing at $2.55/lb
January Jobs Report – BLS Summary – Released 2/7/2020 – The US Economy added 225k nonfarm jobs in January and the Unemployment rate was little changed at 3.6%. Average hourly earnings increased by 7 cents. Hiring highlights include Education and Health Services +72k, Construction +44k, and Leisure and Hospitality +36k.
- Average hourly earnings increased by 7 cents in January, y/y hourly earnings are up 3.1%.
- U3 unemployment rate was little changed at 3.6%. U6 unemployment rate increased 0.2% to 6.9%.
- The labor force participation rate increased by 0.2% in January to 63.4%.
- Average work week was unchanged at 34.3 hours.
Weekly Unemployment Claims – Released Thursday 2/6/2020 – In the week ending February 1st, initial claims were 202,000, a decrease of 15,000 from the previous week’s revised level. The 4-week moving average was 211,750 a decrease of 3,000 from the previous week’s revised average.
Employment Cost Index – Released 1/31/2020 – Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.7% for the 3-month period ending in December 2019. The 12 month period ending in December 2019 saw compensation costs increase by 2.7%, 0.2% less than the 12 month period ending December 2018. Wages and salaries were up 2.9% for the 12-month period ending December 2019 compared to 3.1% for the 12 month period ending December 2018. Benefit costs increased 2.2% for the 12-month period ending December 2019. For private industry workers, compensation costs increased 2.7% year-over-year, versus 3.0% for the 12 months ending December 2018. This report is published quarterly.
Job Openings & Labor Turnover Survey JOLTS – Released 1/17/2020 – The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported the number of job openings declined from 7.3 million to 6.8 million on the last business day of November. Over the month, hires and separations were little changed at 5.8 million and 5.6 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate was unchanged at 2.3%. The layoffs and discharges rates were little changed at 1.1%.
This Week’s Economic Data
Links take you to the data source
Consumer Credit – Released 2/7 – Consumer credit increased at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.75% in 2019. Revolving and nonrevolving credit increased at annual rates of 4.25% and increased 4.75% respectively. Consumer credit increased at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5 percent in the fourth quarter and at a rate of 6-1/4 percent in December. Total Outstanding consumer credit is currently at $4.197 trillion.
U.S. Trade Balance – Released 2/6 – According to the U.S. Census Bureau of Economic Analysis, the goods and services deficit increased in December to $48.9 billion. This increase is $5.2 billion higher than the deficit recorded in November. December exports were $209.6 billion, $1.6 billion more than November exports. December imports were $258.5 billion, $6.8 billion more than November imports. The goods and services deficit increased $10.9 billion or 1.7% in 2019. In 2019 exports and imports decreased $1.5 billion or 0.1% and decreased $12.5 billion or 0.4% respectively.
PMI Non-Manufacturing Index (ISM Services) – Released 2/5 – Economic activity in the non-manufacturing sector grew in January for the 120th consecutive month. ISM Non-Manufacturing registered 55.5 percent, which is 0.6 percentage points above the adjusted December reading of 54.9 percent. This represents continued growth in the non-manufacturing sector, at a faster rate.
PMI Manufacturing ISM Index – Released 2/3 – January PMI increased by 3.1% to 50.9% from December’s reading of 47.8%. The New Orders Index was up 4.4% from December’s reading of 47.6% to 52.0%. The Production Index registered 54.3% up 9.5%.
U.S. Construction Spending – Released 2/3 – Construction spending declined 0.2% in December measuring at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $1,327.7 billion. The December figure is 5.0% above the December 2018 estimate. Private construction spending was 0.1% below the revised November estimate at $991.2 billion. Public construction spending was 0.4% below the revised November estimate at $336.4 billion.
Recent Economic Data
Links take you to the data source
Chicago PMI – Released 1/31 – Chicago PMI fell 6 points in January declining to 42.9, down from 48.9 in December. This decline follows two months of gains and marks the lowest level since December 2015. The index is now in contractionary territory for five consecutive months. All five of the major components were down on the month with Order Backlogs leading the way followed by New Orders.
Personal Income – Released 1/31 – Personal Income increased 0.2% in December according to the BEA. The majority of the increase in December was due to increases in compensation of employees and personal interest income that were partially offset by a decline in farm proprietor’s income. Real PCE (the Feds preferred inflation gauge) increased 0.1% in December. Real disposable personal income decreased 0.1% in December.
Advance Estimate of 4th Quarter and Year 2019 GDP – Released 1/30 – According to the Advance Estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Real Gross Domestic Product (Real GDP) increased at an annual rate of 2.1% in the fourth quarter of 2019. The advance estimate is based on data that are incomplete or subject to further revision. The fourth-quarter increase in real GDP observed positive contributions from personal consumption expenditures (PCE), federal gov’t spending, state and local gov’t spending, residential fixed investment, and exports that were partly offset by negative contributions from private inventory investment, nonresidential fixed investment, and imports (which decreased). The Second Estimate of fourth-quarter GDP growth, which is based on more complete data, will be released on February 27, 2020.
Consumer Confidence – Released 1/28 – The Consumer confidence index increased in January following a moderate increase in December. The Index now shows a reading of 131.6 which is up from 128.2 in December. Consumers’ confidence increased in January primarily due to a more positive assessment of the current job market.
New Residential Sales – Released 1/27 – Sales of new single-family homes declined 0.4% to 694k, seasonally adjusted, in December. The median sales price of new homes sold in December was $331.4k with an average sales price of $384.5k. At the end of December, the seasonally adjusted estimate of new homes for sale was 327k. This represents a supply of 5.7 months at the current sales rate.
Durable Goods – Released 1/27 – New orders for manufactured durable goods decreased $5.7 billion or 2.4% to $245.5 billion in December. The increase in December follows a 3.1% decrease in November. Transportation equipment drove the increase; up $5.9 billion or 7.6%.
Existing Home Sales – Released 1/22 – Existing home sales increased in December. Sales increased 3.6% to a seasonally adjusted rate of 5.54 million. Sales are currently up 10.8% from one year ago. Housing inventory declined from 3.7 months of inventory to 3.0 months of unsold inventory and the total housing inventory declined from 1.64 million to 1.40 million. The median sales price for all types of homes was $274,500, up 7.8% year/y.
Housing Starts – Released 1/17 – New home starts in December were at a seasonally adjusted rate of 1.608 million; up 16.9% above November and 40.8% above last December’s rate. Building Permits were at a seasonally adjusted rate of 1.416 million, down 3.9% compared to November but up 5.8% over last year.
Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization – Released 1/17 – In December Industrial production declined 0.3%. A large decrease in the demand for heating in December resulted in a 5.6% decline in utilities that outweighed increases of 0.2% in manufacturing and 1.3% in mining. Industrial production declined at an annual rate of 0.5% for the fourth quarter. Total capacity utilization declined 0.4% to 77.0% in December which is 2.8% below its long-run average.
Retail Sales – Released 1/16 – U.S. retail sales for December increased 0.3% to $529.6 billion. U.S. retail sales are up 5.8% year/y.
Producer Price Index – Released 1/15 – The Producer Price Index for final demand was little changed in December increasing 0.1%. Core PPI was up 0.1%. Year over year the index for final demand rose 1.3%.
Consumer Price Index – Released 1/14 – The Consumer Price Index gained 0.2% in December. Core CPI, which excludes food and energy increased 0.1%. The monthly changes left total CPI up 2.3% year-over-year and core CPI up 2.3%.
US Light Vehicle Sales – Released 9/4 – U.S. light-vehicle sales were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of 17.07 million units in August versus a SAAR of 16.82 million units in July.
Next week we get data on CPI, Retail Sales, Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization, and JOLTS.